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Prim Care. 2003 Dec;30(4):641-69.

Management of dyslipidemias in the age of statins.

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Yale Primary Care Residency Program, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Waterbury Hospital, 64 Robbins Street, Waterbury, CT 06721, USA.


Evidence for the effectiveness of lipid-lowering therapy in reducing CHD risk continues to emerge. In primary prevention, clinical trials have demonstrated a benefit for middle-aged, high-risk men with high LDL cholesterol and, more recently, for men and women with "average" LDL and low HDL cholesterol. Although low HDL cholesterol, small dense LDL particles, elevated lipoprotein (a), elevated apolipoprotein B, and the dyslipidemia of the metabolic syndrome pose an increased in CHD risk in some patients, the risk reduction with lipid-lowering therapy has not been fully investigated. The CHD risk of isolated hypertriglyceridemia remains uncertain. Very high triglyceride levels, however, should be treated to prevent pancreatitis. A lipid-lowering diet and other appropriate lifestyle changes constitute safe advice for all patients with dyslipidemia. In initiating pharmacologic therapy, physicians should view potential risk reduction in the context of a patient's overall CHD risk. The selection of particular medications can be individualized, considering effectiveness evidence from clinical trials, lipid-lowering potency, adverse effects, drug interactions, costs, and patient preferences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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