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Curr Microbiol. 2003 Oct;47(4):327-36.

ScoC mediates catabolite repression of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


Sporulation in Bacillus subtilis can be triggered by carbon catabolite limitation. Conversely, carbon source excess can repress the production of extracellular enzymes, motility, and sporulation. Recent studies have implicated a pH-sensing mechanism, involving AbrB, the TCA cycle, Spo0K, and sigmaH in controlling the catabolite repression of sporulation gene expression. In an accompanying paper, we demonstrate that the AbrB-dependent pH-sensing mechanism may not be the only means by which carbon catabolites affect sporulation. In the studies reported here, we have examined the molecular basis underlying the catabolite repression phenotype of mutations in the hpr (scoC), rpoD (crsA47), and spo0A (rvtA11) loci. Loss of function mutations in hpr (scoC) restored sporulation gene expression and sporulation in the presence of excess catabolite(s), suggesting that Hpr (ScoC) has a pivotal role in mediating catabolite repression. Moreover, hpr gene expression increased substantially in the presence of excess catabolite(s), further supporting the involvement of Hpr (ScoC) in the carbon catabolite response system. We suggest that alterations in the phosphorelay response to catabolites may be one mechanism by which catabolite-resistant mutants such as crsA and rvtA are able to sporulate in the presence of excess glucose.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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