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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Dec;285(6):G1242-8. Epub 2003 Aug 7.

Demonstration of a functional apical sodium hydrogen exchanger in isolated rat gastric glands.

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Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA.


Previous studies have shown that gastric glands express at least sodium-hydrogen exchanger (NHE) isoforms 1-4. Our aim was to study NHE-3 localization in rat parietal cells and to investigate the functional activity of an apical membrane NHE-3 isoform in parietal cells of rats. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry showed expression of NHE-3 in rat stomach colocalizing the protein in parietal cells together with the beta-subunit of the H(+)-K(+)-ATPase. Functional studies in luminally perfused gastric glands demonstrated the presence of an apical NHE isoform sensitive to low concentrations of 5-ethylisopropyl amiloride (EIPA). Intracellular pH measurements in parietal cells conducted in omeprazole-pretreated superfused gastric glands showed an Na+-dependent proton extrusion pathway that was inhibited both by low concentrations of EIPA and by the NHE-3 specific inhibitor S3226. This pathway for proton extrusion had a higher activity in resting glands and was inhibited on stimulation of histamine-induced H(+)-K(+)-ATPase proton extrusion. We conclude that the NHE-3 isoform located on the apical membrane of parietal cells offers an additional pathway for proton secretion under resting conditions. Furthermore, the gastric NHE-3 appears to work under resting conditions and inactivates during periods of H(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity.

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