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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1992 Oct 29;338(1283):63-72.

Calcium- and voltage-dependent ion channels in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.

Abstract

Ion channels in both the tonoplast and the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been characterized at the single channel level by patch-clamp techniques. The predominant tonoplast channel is cation selective, has an open-channel conductance of 120 pS in 100 mM KCl, and conducts Na+ or K+ equally well, and Ca2+ to a lesser extent. Its open probability (Po) is voltage-dependent, peaking at about -80 mV (cytoplasm negative), and falling to near zero at +80 mV. Elevated cytoplasmic Ca2+, alkaline cytoplasmic pH, and reducing agents activate the channel. The predominant plasma membrane channel is highly selective for K+ over anions and other cations, and shows strong outward rectification of the time-averaged current-voltage curves in cell-attached experiments. In isolated inside-out patches with micromolar cytoplasmic Ca2+, this channel is activated by positive going membrane voltages: mean Po is zero at negative membrane voltages and near unity at 100 mV. At moderate positive membrane voltages (20-40 mV), elevating cytoplasmic Ca2+ activates the channel to open in bursts of several hundred milliseconds duration. At higher positive membrane voltages, however, elevating cytoplasmic Ca2+ blocks the channel in a voltage-dependent fashion for periods of 2-3 ms. The frequency of these blocking events depends on cytoplasmic Ca2+ and membrane voltage according to second-order kinetics. Alternative cations, such as Mg2+ or Na+, block the yeast plasma-membrane K+ channel in a similar but less pronounced manner.

PMID:
1280839
DOI:
10.1098/rstb.1992.0129
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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