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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Oct 29;99(22):14572-7. Epub 2002 Oct 18.

Na pump isoforms in human erythroid progenitor cells and mature erythrocytes.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


This study is aimed at identifying the Na pump isoform composition of human erythroid precursor cells and mature human erythrocytes. We used purified and synchronously growing human erythroid progenitor cells cultured for 7-14 days. RNA was extracted from the progenitor cells on different days and analyzed by RT-PCR. The results showed that only the alpha1, alpha3, beta2, and beta3 subunit isoforms and the gamma modulator were present. Northern analysis of the erythroid progenitor cells again showed that beta2 but not beta1 or alpha2 isoforms were present. The erythroid cells display a unique beta subunit expression profile (called beta-profiling) in that they contain the message for the beta2 isoform but not beta1, whereas leukocytes and platelets are known to have the message for the beta1 but not for the beta2 isoform. This finding is taken to indicate that our preparations are essentially purely erythroid and free from white cell contamination. Western analysis of these cultured progenitor cells confirmed the presence of alpha1, alpha3, (no alpha2), beta2, beta3, and gamma together now with clear evidence that beta1 protein was also present at all stages. Western analysis of the Na pump from mature human erythrocyte ghosts, purified by ouabain column chromatography, has also shown that alpha1, alpha3, beta1, beta2, beta3, and gamma are present. Thus, the Na pump isoform composition of human erythroid precursor cells and mature erythrocytes contains the alpha1 and alpha3 isoforms of the alpha subunit, the beta1, beta2, and beta3 isoforms of the beta subunit, and the gamma modulator.

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