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J Infect Dis. 2002 Sep 1;186(5):585-92. Epub 2002 Aug 9.

Immunofluorescence analysis of poliovirus receptor expression in Peyer's patches of humans, primates, and CD155 transgenic mice: implications for poliovirus infection.

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Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Oral transmission of poliovirus is restricted to humans and certain primate species. The expression of the human poliovirus receptor (CD155) within gastrointestinal-associated lymphoid tissues from species that are susceptible (human) or resistant (rhesus macaque and CD155 transgenic [Tg] mice) to oral poliovirus infection was examined. Sensitivity to oral infection correlated with CD155 expression not only in the intestinal epithelium, including the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) and microfold (M) cells of Peyer's patches, but also in germinal centers within the Peyer's patches. CD155 expression in rhesus macaques was reduced in FAE and, significantly, absent in germinal centers. In CD155 Tg mice, CD155 expression was barely observable in the intestinal epithelium, absent in germinal centers, but prominent in the tunica muscularis. This suggests that productive poliovirus infection of the gut is dependent on the expression of CD155 within the FAE, including the M cells, and on cells within Peyer's patches, most likely within germinal centers.

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