Send to

Choose Destination
Blood. 2002 Jun 15;99(12):4449-56.

A new platelet polymorphism Duv(a+), localized within the RGD binding domain of glycoprotein IIIa, is associated with neonatal thrombocytopenia.

Author information

Platelet Unit, INTS, Paris, France.


We report here the identification and characterization of a new platelet alloantigen, Duv(a+), implicated in a case of neonatal thrombocytopenia. Immunochemical studies demonstrated that the epitope was localized on glycoprotein (GP) IIIa. Sequencing of the exons 2 to 15 of GP IIIa gene polymerase chain reaction products from both parents revealed a single base substitution 517C>T (complementary DNA) present in a heterozygous state in DNA from the father leading to amino acid substitution Thr140Ile (ACC>ATC) within the Arg-Gly-Asp binding domain of GP IIIa. Flow cytometry and immunoprecipitation studies of IIb-C517 or T517 IIIa transfected Cos cells allowed us to demonstrate this mutation was responsible for expression of the Duv(a+) epitope. By polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational-polymorphism analysis, the mutated allele could not be detected in a population of 100 healthy unrelated donors, indicating a low frequency of occurrence. The Thr140/Ile dimorphism, localized 3 amino acids upstream from the Arg143 involved in the expression of HPA-4a, did not interfere with the binding of an anti-HPA-4a antibody in flow cytometry. Results of functional analysis of wild-type or mutated transfected CHO cells-(1) aggregation in the presence of Ca(++) and soluble fibrinogen after complex activation by dithiothreitol, (2) adhesion on coated fibrinogen, (3) binding of monoclonal antibody PAC-1 or LIBS antibody D3, and (4) outside-in signaling-all suggest that the Thr140Ile polymorphism localized in the Arg-Gly-Asp binding domain of GP IIIa does not affect significantly, if at all, the integrin function. We have shown that the anti-Duv(a+) antibody may inhibit platelet GP IIb-IIIa function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center