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Biochem J. 2002 May 15;364(Pt 1):173-80.

Structural basis for the unusual carbohydrate-binding specificity of jacalin towards galactose and mannose.

Author information

1
AFMB, UMR-CNRS 6098, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France.

Abstract

Evidence is presented that the specificity of jacalin, the seed lectin from jack fruit (Artocarpus integrifolia), is not directed exclusively against the T-antigen disaccharide Galbeta1,3GalNAc, lactose and galactose, but also against mannose and oligomannosides. Biochemical analyses based on surface-plasmon-resonance measurements, combined with the X-ray-crystallographic determination of the structure of a jacalin-alpha-methyl-mannose complex at 2 A resolution, demonstrated clearly that jacalin is fully capable of binding mannose. Besides mannose, jacalin also interacts readily with glucose, N-acetylneuraminic acid and N-acetylmuramic acid. Structural analyses demonstrated that the relatively large size of the carbohydrate-binding site enables jacalin to accommodate monosaccharides with different hydroxyl conformations and provided unambiguous evidence that the beta-prism structure of jacalin is a sufficiently flexible structural scaffold to confer different carbohydrate-binding specificities to a single lectin.

PMID:
11988090
PMCID:
PMC1222559
DOI:
10.1042/bj3640173
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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