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DNA Seq. 2001;11(6):519-26.

Identification of two Fas-associated phosphatase-1 (FAP-1) promoters in human cancer cells.

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Departments of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery and Pathology, Columbia University, 630 West 168th St., P&S 11-451, New York, NY 10032, USA.


Fas-associated phosphatase-1 (FAP-1) has been reported as a negative regulator of Fas-mediated signal transduction in human cancer cells. To obtain insights into the potential carcinogenesis of the FAP-1 gene, we investigated its transcriptional regulation in normal and cancerous cells. To identify the FAP-1 promoter sequences, we first isolated P1 and cosmid clones that contained the regulatory region upstream from the FAP-1 gene by using the PCR products of 5' rapid amplification of cDNA end (5'-RACE) as probes. Genomic analysis of positive clones revealed that the major FAP-1 mRNA was transcribed from its proximal promoter (pPRM) in all human cancer cell lines tested, but 1 additional large transcript derived from its distal promoter (dPRM) was found in the human colon cancer cell line DLD-1. This suggests that the FAP-1 gene may be aberrantly dysregulated in some types of human cancers, including colon carcinoma. Sequence analysis of the region upstream from the FAP-1 gene strongly suggests that the transcript of the FAP-1 gene may be controlled by a variety of transcriptional regulatory elements, including NF-kappa B, NF-IL6, and p53 in its 2 promoters. These results imply that the FAP-1 gene may be a target gene under the control of important apoptosis-related nuclear factors in human cancers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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