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Ann Genet. 2001 Jul-Sep;44(3):149-53.

Carrier detection and prenatal molecular diagnosis in a Duchenne muscular dystrophy family without any affected relative available.

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Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Departamento de Investigación en Genética Humana, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, S.S., Insurgentes Sur No. 3700-C, Col. Insurgentes-Cuicuilco, Del. Coyoacán, C.P. 04530, México D.F., Mexico.


In this paper we report a family where the affected DMD patients were not available for study and a molecular strategy was used for female carriers detection and for prenatal diagnosis. Linkage analysis was performed with two markers within the DMD gene, in all family members screened. DMD markers used (pERT87.8/Taq1 and pERT87.15/Xmn1) seemed not to be informative because the propositas mother (II-2) was homozygous for the minor allele at each marker (T2 and X2), however, the proposita and one sister carried only the major allele, which was inherited from the father. These results suggested that a deletion involving both markers could be present, and was inherited from the mother to both daughters. Quantitative multiplex PCR confirmed the deletion in female carriers, involving at least exons 12 to 17. DNA studies of cultured amniotic fluid cells at 14 weeks gestation, by amplification of specific Y-chromosome sequences, followed by multiplex PCR, lead to the diagnosis of a male fetus affected by DMD.

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