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Blood. 2001 Jun 1;97(11):3537-43.

Role of galactosylation in the renal pathogenicity of murine immunoglobulin G3 monoclonal cryoglobulins.

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Department of Applied Biochemistry, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa, Japan.


Cryoglobulin activity associated with murine immunoglobulin G3 (IgG3) has been shown to play a significant role in the development of murine lupuslike glomerulonephritis. A fraction, but not all, IgG3 monoclonal antibodies are capable of inducing a severe acute lupuslike glomerulonephritis as a result of direct localization of IgG3 cryoglobulins, suggesting the importance of qualitative features of cryoglobulins in their nephritogenic activities. Here a remarkable difference is shown in the renal pathogenicity of 2 murine IgG3 monoclonal cryoglobulins, identical in the amino acid sequences of their heavy and light chains but different in galactosylation patterns of oligosaccharide side chains because of their synthesis in different myeloma cells. The antibody lacking the capacity to induce severe glomerulonephritis displayed an increased proportion of galactosylated heavy chains. Changes in conformation, as revealed by gel filtration analysis, reduced cryoglobulin activity, and accelerated clearance could account for the lack of the renal pathogenicity of the more galactosylated variant. This observation provides a direct demonstration for the role of IgG galactosylation in the pathogenic potential of cryoglobulins. (Blood. 2001;97:3537-3543).

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