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J Neurosci. 2000 Nov 15;20(22):8485-92.

Distributed and partially separate pools of neurons are correlated with two different components of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. mrz@fred.med.yale.edu

Abstract

We compared the spike activity of individual neurons in the Aplysia abdominal ganglion with the movement of the gill during the gill-withdrawal reflex. We discriminated four populations that collectively encompass approximately half of the active neurons in the ganglion: (1) second-order sensory neurons that respond to the onset and offset of stimulation of the gill and are active before the movement starts; (2) neurons whose activity is correlated with the position of the gill and typically have a tonic output during gill withdrawal; (3) neurons whose activity is correlated with the velocity of the movement and typically fire in a phasic manner; and (4) neurons whose activity is correlated with both position and velocity. A reliable prediction of the position of the gill is achieved only with the combined output of 15-20 neurons, whereas a reliable prediction of the velocity depends on the combined output of 40 or more cells.

PMID:
11069956
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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