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Ann Oncol. 2000 Jul;11(7):867-71.

MiCMA: an alternative treatment for refractory or recurrent Hodgkin's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology, Istituto di Semeiotica Medica, Universita' Cattolica Sacro Cuore Roma, Italia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We determined the response rate to MiCMA (mitoxantrone, carboplatinum, methylprednisolone and aracytin) in a group of 29 patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) and poor prognostic factors either resistant to first line or relapsing after conventional chemotherapy and subsequently evaluated the role of autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) in these patients after MiCMA.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The treatment was intended as a brief tumor debulking program before ASCT. Twenty-nine patients with primary refractory HD or relapsed HD were submitted to two courses of MiCMA (mitoxantrone 10 mg/m2 day 1; carboplatinum 100 mg/m2 days 1-4; aracytin 2 g/m2 day 5; methylprednisolone 500 mg/m2 days 1-5) and subsequently evaluated for response. Those with responding or stable disease, received one or two other courses of MiCMA followed by ASCT.

RESULTS:

There were 10 complete responses (34% CR), 15 partial responses (52% PR) and 4 treatment failures with disease progression (14% PD). In total there were 25 evaluable responses out of 29 patients (86% CR + PR). Myelosuppression was the main toxicity of this treatment. At this time 20 patients (69%) are alive with a median follow-up of 26.5 months (7-100), 13 patients in CR (45%), 8 patients died, 7 of them from disease progression and one due to multi-organ failure, one patient is lost to follow-up. All but one of the patients who achieved CR after MiCMA are alive. Only the number of extranodal sites was found to predict a poor response to MiCMA.

CONCLUSIONS:

A short pre-transplantation treatment with MiCMA is an effective tumor debulking approach in patients with refractory or relapsed HD.

PMID:
10997816
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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