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Transfusion. 2000 Aug;40(8):961-7.

In vitro collection and posttransfusion engraftment characteristics of MNCs obtained by using a new separator for autologous PBPC transplantation.

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Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.



A clinical study was performed to evaluate the peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) collection, transfusion, and engraftment characteristics associated with use of a blood cell separator (Amicus, Baxter Healthcare).


Oncology patients (n = 31) scheduled for an autologous PBPC transplant following myeloablative therapy were studied. PBPCs were mobilized by a variety of chemotherapeutic regimens and the use of G-CSF. As no prior studies evaluated whether PBPCs collected on the Amicus separator would be viable after transfusion, to ensure patient safety, PBPCs were first collected on another cell separator (CS-3000 Plus, Baxter) and stored as backup. The day after the CS-3000 Plus collections were completed, PBPC collections intended for transfusion were performed using the Amicus instrument. For each transplant, >2.5 x 10(6) CD34+ PBPCs per kg of body weight were transfused.


Clinical data collected on the donors immediately before and after PBPC collection with the Amicus device were comparable to donor data similarly obtained for the CS-3000 Plus collections. While the number of CD34+ cells and the RBC volume in the collected products were equivalent for the two devices, the platelet content of the Amicus collections was significantly lower than that of the CS-3000 Plus collections (4.35 x 10(10) platelets/bag vs. 6.61 x 10(10) platelets/bag, p<0.05). Collection efficiencies for CD34+ cells were 64 +/- 23 percent for the Amicus device and 43 +/- 14 percent for the CS-3000 Plus device (p<0.05). The mean time to engraftment for cells collected via the Amicus device was 8.7 +/- 0.7 days for >500 PMNs per microL and 9.7 +/- 1.5 days to attain a platelet count of >20,000 per microL-equivalent to data in the literature. No CS-3000 Plus backup cells were transfused and no serious adverse events attributable to the Amicus device were encountered.


The mean Amicus CD34+ cell collection efficiency was better (p<0.05) than that of the CS-3000 Plus collection. Short-term engraftment was durable. The PBPCs collected with the Amicus separator are safe and effective for use for autologous transplant patients requiring PBPC rescue from high-dose myeloablative chemotherapy.

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