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Can J Public Health. 2000 Jan-Feb;91(1):26-8.

Drug testing in Canadian jails: to what end?

Author information

1
perry.kendall@moh.hnet.bc.ca

Abstract

Since 1995, Corrections Services Canada (CSC) has conducted randomized urinalysis screening of a minimum of 5% of the federal inmate population on a monthly basis. Urine samples are screened for a broad range of psychoactive substances. The stated purpose of such screening is to reduce substance use in federal jails. Analysis of data provided by CSC for testing between 1994 and 1998 reveals small but statistically significant increases in the percentage of all urine samples that tested positive over that time. Analysis of the results of screening for opiates, cocaine and THC from data provided by CSC for the same time period, shows steady rates of opiate and cocaine detection at maximum and medium levels of security, decreases in opiate and cocaine detection in minimum security, and statistically significant increases in THC detection at all levels of security. The implications of these findings are discussed.

PMID:
10765575
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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