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Mol Genet Metab. 2000 Jan;69(1):1-15.

Molecular genetics and mechanism of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

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Section of Nephrology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520, USA.


Considerable progress toward understanding pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic disease (ADPKD) has been made during the past 15 years. ADPKD is a heterogeneous human disease resulting from mutations in either of two genes, PKD1 and PKD2. The similarity in the clinical presentation and evidence of direct interaction between the COOH termini of polycystin-1 and polycystin-2, the respective gene products, suggest that both proteins act in the same molecular pathway. The fact that most mutations from ADPKD patients result in truncated polycystins as well as evidence of a loss of heterozygosity mechanism in individual PKD cysts indicate that the loss of the function of either PKD1 or PKD2 is the most likely pathogenic mechanism for ADPKD. A novel mouse model, WS25, has been generated with a targeted mutation at Pkd2 locus in which a mutant exon 1 created by inserting a neo(r) cassette exists in tandem with the wild-type exon 1. This causes an unstable allele that undergoes secondary recombination to produce a true null allele at Pkd2 locus. Therefore, the model Pkd2(WS25/-), which carries the WS25 unstable allele and a true null allele, produces somatic second hits during mouse development or adult life and establishes an extremely faithful model of human ADPKD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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