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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2018 Oct 11. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.003016. [Epub ahead of print]

Indioceanicola profundi gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from Indian Ocean sediment.

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2​University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China.
1​CAS Key Laboratory of Marine Bio-resources and Ecology; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Marine Materia Medica; RNAM Center for Marine Microbiology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510301, PR China.


A novel basophilic bacterial strain, designated as SCSIO 08040T, was recovered from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the Indian Ocean. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, vibrioid or spiral, light pink, 0.6-1.0 μm wide and 1.0-2.5 μm long. Growth occurred at 20-45 °C, pH 7-11 and <5 % (w/v) NaCl, with optimum growth at 28-37 °C, pH 7 and 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl. Catalase-, oxidase and urease-positive, nitrate reduction-negative. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that strain SCSIO 08040T had the highest similarity of 95.3 % to Rhodocista pekingensis 3-pT. Phylogenetic analysis based on nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the novel isolate formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage in the family Rhodospirillaceae. The whole-cell hydrolysate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose, mannose and xylose. The total cellular fatty acid profile was dominated by C18:1ω7c and C19:0cycloω8c. Q-10 was the predominant ubiquinone. The major phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content of strain SCSIO 08040T was 66.82 mol%. Based on these polyphasic data, a new genus, Indioceanicola gen. nov., is proposed in the family Rhodospirillaceae with the type species Indioceanicola profundi sp. nov. and the type strain SCSIO 08040T (= DSM 105146T=CGMCC 1.15812T).


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