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Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2015 Mar;62(3):145-56. doi: 10.1016/j.redar.2014.09.006. Epub 2014 Nov 7.

[Preoperative fasting guidelines: an update].

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Sección Pediátrica, Servicio de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, España. Electronic address: aclopezm@comv.es.
2
Sección de Anestesia Infantil, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona.
3
Sección Pediátrica, Servicio de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, España.

Abstract

Anesthesiology societies have issued various guidelines on preoperative fasting since 1990, not only to decrease the incidence of lung aspiration and anesthetic morbidity, but also to increase patient comfort prior to anesthesia. Some of these societies have been updating their guidelines, as such that, since 2010, we now have 2 evidence-based preoperative fasting guidelines available. In this article, an attempt is made to review these updated guidelines, as well as the current instructions for more controversial patients such as infants, the obese, and a particular type of ophthalmic surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Adultos; Adults; Anestesia; Anesthesia; Ayuno preoperatorio; Children; Guidelines; Guías; Infants; Lactantes; Niños; Obesidad; Obesity; Preoperative fasting

PMID:
25443866
DOI:
10.1016/j.redar.2014.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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