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Arch Bronconeumol. 2017 Dec;53(12):667-674. doi: 10.1016/j.arbres.2017.05.011. Epub 2017 Jun 21.

Impact of Asthma on the Sexual Functioning of Patients. A Case-Control Study.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Hospital de Jerez, Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, España. Electronic address: josesoto@separ.es.
2
UGC de Prevención, Promoción y Vigilancia de la Salud, AGS Norte de Cádiz, Cádiz, España.
3
Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, España.
4
Hospital de Cruces, Barakaldo, Vizcaya, España.
5
Hospital de Laredo, Laredo, Cantabria, España.
6
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España.
7
Hospital Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, España.
8
Hospital de Jerez, Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, España.
9
Área de Gestión del Conocimiento, Unidad de Investigación, Área Sanitaria Norte de Cádiz, Cádiz, España.
10
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Institut d'Investigació Biomédica Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Department de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona.
11
Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Galdakao-Usansolo, Galdakao, Bizkaia, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Sexual limitations play an important role in the quality of life of patients with chronic diseases. Very limited information is available on the impact of asthma on the sexual functioning of these individuals.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Cross-sectional, observational, multicenter study. Asthma patients and healthy individuals were recruited. All subjects participated in an interview in which demographic and clinical data were recorded, and completed the Goldberg Anxiety-Depression Scale (GADS) to evaluate the presence of concomitant psychiatric disease. Men also completed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), and women, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI).

RESULTS:

A total of 276cases were included, comprising 172asthma patients (63 men and 109 women) with a mean age of 42 (±14) years, and 104 controls (52men and 51women) with a mean age of 39 (±12) years. Time since onset of asthma was 15 years and severity distribution was: 6.4% intermittent, 17.9% mild persistent, 47.4% moderate, and 28.2% severe. Disease was considered controlled in 57.7%, partially controlled in 28.2%, and uncontrolled in 14.1%. Women with asthma had greater sexual limitations than women in the control group, with a total FSFI score of 22.1 (±9) compared to 26.5 (±6.8), respectively (P<.005). Men with asthma had significantly more severe erectile dysfunction with a total IIEF score of 59.5 (±12.5) compared to 64.3 (±8.2) in male controls (P<.05). An association was also observed between sexual problems and poorer asthma control.

CONCLUSIONS:

Asthma is associated with a poorer sexual quality of life among patients. These results should arouse the interest of healthcare professionals in detecting and alleviating possible sexual limitations among their asthma patients in routine clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Asma; Asthma; Calidad de vida; Función sexual; Quality of life; Sexual functioning

PMID:
28647305
DOI:
10.1016/j.arbres.2017.05.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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