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Gac Sanit. 2017 Nov - Dec;31(6):499-504. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.09.005. Epub 2016 Nov 23.

Relationship between caries, body mass index and social class in Spanish children.

Author information

1
Stomatology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Universitat de València, València, Spain.
2
Stomatology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Universitat de València, València, Spain. Electronic address: jose.m.almerich@uv.es.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the association between caries, body mass index (BMI) and social class in child population of the Valencia region (Spain) at 6, 12 and 15 years, and study.

METHODS:

In a cross sectional study of 1326 children aged 6 (n=488), 12 (n=409) and 15 years (n=433) who took part in the 2010 Oral Health Survey of the Valencia region, the ICDAS II criteria were employed for diagnosing and coding all the teeth examined. The quantitative BMI values on a continuous scale were grouped into 3 categories (normal weight, overweight, obese) based on a table adjusted for age and gender. The highest-ranking occupation of the parents was taken to indicate the social class of the child.

RESULTS:

The mean BMI was 17.21 at 6 years, 21.39 at 12 years and 22.38 at 15 years. No significant differences in caries indexes (DMFT or dft) by degree of obesity stratified by social class were found in any of the age groups studied. There was no significant correlation between BMI and DMFT-dft in any of the age groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obesity is not associated with dental caries in schoolchildren of this population.

KEYWORDS:

Body mass index; Caries dental; Children; Dental caries; Niños; Obesidad; Obesity; Overweight; Sobrepeso; Índice de masa corporal

PMID:
27887789
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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