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Rev Clin Esp. 2017 Dec;217(9):504-509. doi: 10.1016/j.rce.2017.07.012. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

High doses of systemic corticosteroids in patients hospitalised for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A cohort study.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Fuenlabrada, Madrid, España. Electronic address: joseantonio.rueda@salud.madrid.org.
2
Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Fuenlabrada, Madrid, España.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effect of high doses of corticosteroids in patients hospitalised for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A prospective cohort study was conducted on patients hospitalized with COPD between January and March 2015, grouped according to the glucocorticoid dosage administered (cutoff, 40mg of prednisone/day). We compared the results of hospital stay, readmission and mortality at 3 months of discharge.

RESULTS:

We analysed 87 patients. The median daily dose was 60mg of prednisone (interquartile range, 46.67-82.33mg/day), and the administration route was intravenous in 96.6% of the cases. We established a relative risk (RR) for hospital stays longer than 8 days of 1.095 (95% CI 0.597-2.007; P=.765) when steroid dosages greater than 40mg/day were employed. In these patients, the hazard ratio (HR) for readmission in the 3 months after discharge was 0.903 (95% CI 0.392-2.082; P=.811), and the mortality was 1.832 (95% CI 0.229-16.645; P=.568). Neither the RR nor the HR varied in a statistically significant manner after adjusting for confounding factors.

CONCLUSIONS:

A daily dose greater than 40mg of prednisone in patients hospitalised for COPD exacerbation was not associated with a shorter hospital stay or a reduction in readmissions or mortality at 3 months.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica; Glucocorticoides; Glucocorticoids; Hospitalisation; Hospitalización; Mortalidad; Mortality

PMID:
28865758
DOI:
10.1016/j.rce.2017.07.012

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