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Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2017 Nov;108(9):e57-e62. doi: 10.1016/j.ad.2016.07.025. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

Congenital Melanocytic Nevus Syndrome: A Case Series.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Unidad de Neonatología, Servicio de Pediatría, Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo, Toledo, España. Electronic address: aran.recio.linares@gmail.com.
2
Servicio de Dermatología, Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo, Toledo, España.
3
Unidad de Neonatología, Servicio de Pediatría, Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo, Toledo, España; Miembro investigador del Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER U724), Madrid, España.
4
Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo, Toledo, España.

Abstract

Congenital melanocytic nevus syndrome (CMNS) is the result of an abnormal proliferation of melanocytes in the skin and central nervous system caused by progenitor-cell mutations during embryonic development. Mutations in the NRAS gene have been detected in many of these cells. We present 5 cases of giant congenital melanocytic nevus, 3 of them associated with CMNS; NRAS gene mutation was studied in these 3 patients. Until a few years ago, surgery was the treatment of choice, but the results have proved unsatisfactory because aggressive interventions do not improve cosmetic appearance and only minimally reduce the risk of malignant change. In 2013, trametinib was approved for use in advanced melanoma associated with NRAS mutations. This drug, which acts on the intracellular RAS/RAF/MEK/pERK/MAPK cascade, could be useful in pediatric patients with CMNS. A better understanding of this disease will facilitate the development of new strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Giant congenital melanocytic nevus; Melanosis neurocutánea; NRAS mutation; Neurocutaneous melanosis; Nevus melanocítico congénito gigante; Trametinib; mutación NRAS

PMID:
28110826
DOI:
10.1016/j.ad.2016.07.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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