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Rev Salud Publica (Bogota). 2017 Sep-Oct;19(5):609-616. doi: 10.15446/rsap.V19n5.56960.

[Frequency of metabolic syndrome and risk factors in adults with and without diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
BT: MD. M. Sc., Ph. D. Ciencias Médicas. Profesor e investigador. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. trujillobenjamin@hotmail.com.
2
ET: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. trujillo_magallon@hotmail.com.
3
MT: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. trujillomariana_@hotmail.com.
4
CB: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. brizuela_araujoca@gmail.com.
5
MG: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. garcia_medinama@gmail.com.
6
MG: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. gonzalez_jimenezma@gmail.com.
7
GL: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. lopez_penaga@gmail.com.
8
JM: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. minakata_nieto@gmail.com.
9
LR: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. rincon_gutierrezla@gmail.com.
10
TT: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. tintos_ruedat@gmail.com.
11
RT: MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. torres_velascor@gmail.com.
12
CV: MD. M. Sc., Ph. D. Ciencias Fisiológicas. Profesor e investigador. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Colima. Colima, México. clemvas@ucol.mx.
13
JG: MD M. Sc., Ph. D. Ciencias Médicas. Investigador. HGZ No.1 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Colima. México. pepeguzman_esquivel@outlook.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

OBJECTIVE :

Determinate the frequency and the risk factors for Metabolic Syndrome in adults with diabetes mellitus, Hypertension and without Diabetes- Hypertension.

MATERIALS AND METHODS :

We realized a cross-sectional study in patients of both sexes and older than 20 years of the "Hospital General de Zona 1 IMSS" in Colima, Mexico. The variables studied were: age, BMI, waist circumference, cigarette smoking, and family history of diabetes and hypertension, and biochemical parameters, such as glucose, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides.

RESULTS :

A total of 417 persons were enrolled (170 men and 247 women), with an age average of 53.2 ± 13.4 years (age range, 20 to 86 years). The global frequency of the metabolic syndrome was 52.3 % (56 % in women and 46.4 % in men). While the MS frequency was 50 % in DM2, 42 % in hypertension, 80 % in DM2+hypertension and 28.2 % without DM2 and hypertension. The cigarette smoking frequency was 27.8 %, and it was an important risk factor for the totally of patients with MS, in DM2 and in DM2+hypertension.

CONCLUSIONS :

The frequency of MS in adults was 52.3 %, women were the most affected, and cigarette smoking was the most important risk factor.

PMID:
30183807
DOI:
10.15446/rsap.V19n5.56960
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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