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Med Ultrason. 2015 Dec;17(4):545-9. doi: 10.11152/mu.2013.2066.174.pdg.

Prenatal diagnosis of placenta and umbilical cord pathologies by three-dimensional ultrasound: pictorial essay.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center of Fetal Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, São Paulo-SP, Brazil.
Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine-Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo-SP, Brazil.


The authors present their experience in prenatal diagnosis of placental and umbilical cord pathologies, using three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) in the rendering and tomography ultrasound imaging (TUI) modes, associated with color Doppler in some cases. Cases of placenta accreta/placenta previa, circumvallate placenta, succenturiate lobe, true knot of the umbilical cord, nuchal cord, and marginal/velamentous umbilical cord insertion are presented. 3DUS can contribute to improve the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis of placenta and umbilical cord pathologies.

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