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Strabismus. 2013 Jun;21(2):98-102. doi: 10.3109/09273972.2013.786733.

Ocular manifestations of autism in ophthalmology.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To highlight the ocular manifestations of autism spectrum disorders in a retrospective chart review of the Greater Baltimore Medical Center (GBMC) among children in the pediatric ophthalmology practice setting.

DESIGN:

Retrospective chart review. Forty-four patients diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between January 2007 and October 2011 were examined by an orthoptist, orthoptic student, and a pediatric ophthalmologist.

RESULTS:

Fifty-two percent of patients with ASD at GBMC were found to have an ocular abnormality, with 41% having strabismus, 27% with significant refractive error, 7% with anisometropia, and 11% with amblyopia.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of strabismus, amblyopia, and anisometropia were found to be higher among patients with ASD seen at the GBMC pediatric ophthalmology practice than in the general population.

PMID:
23713930
DOI:
10.3109/09273972.2013.786733
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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