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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Aug;97(8):E1390-401. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-1150. Epub 2012 Jun 11.

Self-control of HGF regulation on human trophoblast cell invasion via enhancing c-Met receptor shedding by ADAM10 and ADAM17.

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State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.



Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met signaling has been implicated in mammalian placental development. Integral c-Met can be released from endothelial cell membrane by proteolysis to form a soluble, truncated protein [soluble Met (sMet)], which is biochemically able to bind HGF and may disrupt HGF/c-Met signaling. By far, production of sMet in human placenta has not been reported, and the shedding mechanism remains unclear.


In this study, production of sMet in healthy pregnant placenta and preeclamptic ones was compared, and the role of sMet on trophoblast cell invasion as well as the regulation of c-Met shedding by HGF were investigated in an immortal trophoblast cell line, B6Tert-1.


Placenta productions of sMet, pro- and active forms of a disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) and ADAM17 in preeclamptic patients were significantly higher than those in normal pregnant women. In B6Tert-1 cells, the HGF-induced promotion on cell invasion and activation of MAPK and AKT could be extensively blocked by sMet. ADAM10 and ADAM17, but not ADAM12, were explored to be sheddases of c-Met. HGF down-regulated c-Met receptor expression, whereas it up-regulated pro- and active/mature forms of ADAM10 and ADAM17 expression, which resulted in enhanced sMet production. Stimulation of H(2)O(2) caused an increase in active ADAM10, pro-ADAM17, and active ADAM17 levels and thus excessive c-Met shedding.


HGF could negatively self-control its regulatory effect on trophoblast cell invasion via enhancing proteolysis of its receptor. Unbalancing of HGF self-control by oxidative stress may lead to impeding placentation in relevance to preeclampsia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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