Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2017 Sep;42(3):193-202. doi: 10.1007/s10484-017-9367-z.

Reducing Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance Through a Biofeedback Relaxation Training Program.

Author information

1
Department of Basic Psychological Processes and Development, Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Tolosa Avenue, 70, 20018, San Sebastian, Spain. aitor.aritzeta@ehu.eus.
2
Department of Personality, Assesment and Psychological Treatment, Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Tolosa Avenue, 70, 20018, San Sebastian, Spain.
3
Department of Social Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Tolosa Avenue, 70, 20018, San Sebastian, Spain.
4
Biodonostia Health Research Institute, San Sebastian, Spain.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of a biofeedback relaxation training program on anxiety and academic performance. The program consisted of five biofeedback sessions coupled with three training activities focused on deep breathing, guided imagery, and muscle relaxation. The participants were second-year psychology undergraduates from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU, northern Spain). The experimental group comprised 152 students (M age  = 19.6, SD = 0.74; 74% women) and the control group 81 students (M age   = 19.4, SD = 0.92; 71% women). Results showed that after participating in the program, students in the experimental group had lower levels of anxiety and increased academic performance. Furthermore, they scored lower on anxiety and higher on academic performance in comparison with the control subjects. This suggests that the inclusion of biofeedback training programs in educational contexts could be a way of reducing anxiety and improving academic performance. It may also deepen our understanding of the dynamic interplay between psychophysiological, cognitive, and emotional processes.

KEYWORDS:

Academic Performance; Anxiety; Biofeedback; Emotion Regulation

PMID:
28623467
DOI:
10.1007/s10484-017-9367-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center