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Virus Res. 2007 Mar;124(1-2):68-77. Epub 2006 Nov 13.

Full genome sequence and some biological properties of reticuloendotheliosis virus strain APC-566 isolated from endangered Attwater's prairie chickens.

Author information

1
Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-4875, USA.

Abstract

Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) causes runting, high mortality, immunosuppression, and chronic neoplasia associated with T and/or B cell lymphomas in a variety of domestic and wild birds, including Attwater's prairie chickens (APC) (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri). The complete proviral sequence of a recent REV isolate from APC (REV APC-566) was determined. This virus was isolated from an APC maintained in captivity in a reproduction program intended to avoid its extinction. REV APC-566 was determined to be oncogenic in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica), chickens (Gallus gallus) and turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo). Immune responses against bacteria and viruses were significantly reduced in turkeys infected with REV APC-566. The proviral genome is 8286 nucleotides in length and exhibits a genetic organization characteristic of replication-competent gammaretroviruses. The REV APC-566 provirus contains two identical long terminal repeats (LTR) and a complete set of genes including gag, gag-pol and env. As previously reported, alignments with other REV sequences showed high similarity with sequences found in the gag and pol genes from other REVs. The REV APC-566 env gene showed high nucleotide sequence homology with REV sequences inserted in fowl poxvirus (99.8%), and with spleen necrosis virus (SNV) (95.1%). Sequences coding for a previously reported immunosuppressive peptide contained in the transmembrane region of the env gene are well conserved among all REV sequences analyzed. The LTR was the most divergent region, exhibiting various deletions and insertions. REV APC-566 has a unique insertion of 23 bp in U3 and shares deletions of 19 and 5 bp with chicken syncytial virus and REV inserts in fowlpox virus.

PMID:
17098316
DOI:
10.1016/j.virusres.2006.10.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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