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Hypertens Res. 2017 Nov;40(11):927-931. doi: 10.1038/hr.2017.69. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Resistance training alone reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals: meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Resistance Exercise and Health, Campus III, Department of Physical Education, University of State of Pará, Brazil.
2
Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), São Paulo, Brazil.
3
Faculdade Metropolitana da Amazônia-FAMAZ, Belém, Brazil.
4
Brazilian Institute of Teaching and Research in Pulmonary and Exercise Immunology (IBEPIPE), Laboratory of Pulmonary and Exercise Immunology (LABPEI), School of Medical Sciences of São José dos Campos Humanitas and Universidade Brasil, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training alone on the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals. Our meta-analysis, followed the guidelines of PRISMA. The search for articles was realized by November 2016 using the following electronic databases: BIREME, PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS and SciELO and a search strategy that included the combination of titles of medical affairs and terms of free text to the key concepts: 'hypertension' 'hypertensive', 'prehypertensive', 'resistance training', 'strength training', and 'weight-lifting'. These terms were combined with a search strategy to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and identified a total of 1608 articles: 644 articles BIREME, 53 SciELO, 722 PubMed, 122 Cochrane Library and 67 LILACS. Of these, five RCTs met the inclusion criteria and provided data on 201 individuals. The results showed significant reductions for systolic blood pressure (-8.2 mm Hg CI -10.9 to -5.5;I2: 22.5% P valor for heterogeneity=0.271 and effect size=-0.97) and diastolic blood pressure (-4.1 mm Hg CI -6.3 to -1.9; I2: 46.5% P valor for heterogeneity=0.113 and effect size=-0.60) when compared to group control. In conclusion, resistance training alone reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects. The RCTs studies that investigated the effects of resistance training alone in prehypertensive and hypertensive patients support the recommendation of resistance training as a tool for management of systemic hypertension.

PMID:
28769100
DOI:
10.1038/hr.2017.69
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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