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Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2019 Jun 30;7(12):1962-1967. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2019.466. eCollection 2019 Jun 30.

Child Blood Pressure Profile in Bali, Indonesia.

Author information

1
Department of Child Health, School of Medicine Udayana University, Sanglah Denpasar Hospital, Denpasar, Indonesia.
2
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia.
3
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia.
4
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine Udayana University , Sanglah Denpasar Hospital, Denpasar, Indonesia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mortality and morbidity in an adult will be reduced by controlling hypertension from an early age. Uncontrolled blood pressure since children can contribute to diseases such as heart disease, organ damage, and decreased quality of life. As changes in lifestyle, it is estimated that hypertension in children will continue to increase. Until now, data regarding the profile of blood pressure in children in Indonesia is still lacking.

AIM:

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of increased blood pressure and hypertension in children in Bali.

METHODS:

This study was a cross-sectional study. The sampling technique in this study was multistage random sampling, that is, from 9 regencies in Bali, the selection of 3 regencies to be sampled according to socio-economic stratification based on regional economic growth and regional per capita income in Bali Province.

RESULTS:

From 1257, samples examined the prevalence of increased blood pressure, and hypertension was 689 children (54.8%). From the age group, the prevalence of an increase in blood pressure and hypertension in the age group ≤ , 12 years was 47.3%, and in the age group > 12 years was 62.2%. Increased blood pressure in nutritional status including Obesity 51.4%, Nutrition More 52.9%, Good Nutrition 42.2%, Nutrition Less 43.9%, Malnutrition 50.0%. In families with a history of hypertension, the prevalence of increased blood pressure and hypertension in subjects was 60.3% and in families without a history of hypertension was 43.4%.

CONCLUSION:

It can be concluded that there is still a prevalence of hypertension in children in Bali. Health efforts are needed so that they can minimise the further health impact that might occur. It should also be noted that various factors can influence the prevalence of increased blood pressure and hypertension in children.

KEYWORDS:

Age; Bali; Child hypertension; Family history; Nutrition

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