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Adv Perit Dial. 1999;15:153-5.

Incidence of gingival hyperplasia caused by calcium antagonists in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients.

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Department of Nephrology, Saitama Medical School, Japan.


Calcium antagonists are widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in patients receiving dialysis therapy. The incidence of gingival hyperplasia has been reported as 10%-20% in patients treated with calcium antagonists in the general population. However, precise reports examining the incidence or pathogenesis of gingival hyperplasia in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients are lacking. We recruited 54 CAPD patients. Three patients treated with long-acting nifedipine and one patient treated with felodipine were reported by a periodontist to have gingival hyperplasia. No patients were taking amlodipine and other calcium antagonists. After discontinuation of calcium antagonists, gingival hyperplasia disappeared within 1 month. Based on these results, we suggest that it is important to examine whether the gingiva is overgrown in CAPD patients taking calcium antagonists.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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