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Bioresour Technol. 2014;152:130-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.10.111. Epub 2013 Nov 7.

Hydrothermal liquefaction of mixed-culture algal biomass from wastewater treatment system into bio-crude oil.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
2
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Electronic address: yzhang1@illinois.edu.
3
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China.

Abstract

In this study, a mixed-culture algal biomass harvested from a functioning wastewater treatment system (AW) was hydrothermally converted into bio-crude oils. The highest bio-crude oil yield (49% of volatile matter) and the highest energy recovery were obtained at 300 °C with 1 h retention time. The highest heating value of the bio-crude oil was 33.3 MJ/kg, produced at 320 °C and 1h retention time. Thermogravimetric analysis showed approximately 60% of the bio-crude oils were distilled in the range of 200-550 °C; and the solid residue might be suitable for use in asphalt. GC-MS results indicated that the bio-crude oil contained hydrocarbons and fatty acids, while the aqueous product was rich in organic acids and cyclic amines. The nitrogen recovery (NR) in the bio-crude oil ranged from 8.41% to 16.8%, which was lower than the typical range of 25%-53% from previous studies.

KEYWORDS:

AWVM; Algae; Ash; Bio-crude oil; F; G; Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL); MWI; Nitrogen recovery; R; SR; VM; WI; Wastewater treatment; ash fraction in the dry mass of AW (no units); mass of feedstock (g); mass of gas products (g); mass of moisture in the water-insoluble products (g); mass of toluene-insoluble fraction in the water-insoluble products (g); mass of volatile matter of mixed-culture algal biomass from wastewater treatment system (g); mass of water-insoluble products (g); raw oil (g); volatile matter (g)

PMID:
24287452
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2013.10.111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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