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Biofouling. 2006;22(3-4):153-62.

Factors influencing the attachment strength of Dreissena polymorpha (Bivalvia).

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Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Institute of General and Molecular Biology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, ToruĊ„, Poland.


The effects of several factors (shell length, exposure time, substratum orientation in space, illumination, temperature, conspecifics) upon the attachment strength (measured with a digital dynamometer) of the freshwater, gregarious bivalve Dreissena polymorpha were studied under laboratory conditions. A rapid increase in attachment strength was observed on resocart (a thermosetting polymer based on phenol-formaldehyde resin, with paper as filler) substrata during the first 4-d exposure, after which it stabilised at ca 1 N. The attachment strength increased also with mussel size. Mussel adhesion on variously oriented surfaces (vertical, upper horizontal and lower horizontal) was similar. Illumination inhibited attachment strength, as expected for a photophobic species, but only after a 2-d exposure. After 6 d, no effects of light were detected. Thus, illumination seemed to influence the attachment rate, rather than the final strength. The optimum temperature for mussel attachment was 20- 25 degrees C. At lower and higher temperatures (5-15 degrees C and 30 degrees C), their adhesion strength decreased. The presence of conspecifics stimulated mussel attachment strength.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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