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J Infect Dis. 2011 Jul 15;204(2):291-8. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jir262.

Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 5 -2459 genotype in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy: race-specific influence on virologic success.

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  • 1Center for Global Health and Diseases and Diseases, Wolstein Research Bldg, Room 4204, 2103 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106-7286, USA.



In patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), antiretroviral drug-metabolizing enzyme and transporter gene polymorphisms, as well as chemokine receptor gene polymorphisms, may influence response to treatment.


In a North American, treated, adherent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive cohort (self-identified whites, n = 175; blacks, n = 218), we investigated whether CYP2B6 (516G>T, 983T>C), UGT2B7 (IVS1+985A>G, 802C>T), MDR1 3435C>T, chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 2 (CCR2) 190G>A, and CCR5 (-2459G>A, Δ32) polymorphisms influenced the time to achieve virologic success (TVLS).


No difference in TVLS was observed between races. In Kaplan-Meier analyses, only 516G>T (log-rank P = .045 for comparison of GG, GT, and TT and P = .02 GG + GT vs TT) and -2459G>A (log-rank P = .04 for GG, GA, and AA and P = .02 for GG + GA vs AA) genotypes were significantly associated with TVLS in black patients but not in white patients. However, in the Cox proportional hazards model that included age, sex, baseline CD4(+) T cell count, and baseline viral load, no significant association was observed between 516G>T and TVLS, whereas the association between -2459G>A and TVLS remained significant even after including CCR2 190G>A as well as all the drug-metabolizing enzyme and transporter genotypes.


These findings suggest that CCR5 -2459G>A genotype had a strong, race-specific influence on TVLS in this cohort. Understanding the possible mechanisms underlying this influence requires further studies.

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