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Opt Express. 2011 Apr 25;19(9):8962-72. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.008962.

Nearly perfect absorption in intrinsically low-loss grating structures.

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Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


The feature of enhanced absorption in two-layered grating structures is theoretically investigated. The underlying structures make the most use of resonance mechanism to achieve a nearly perfect absorption in an intrinsically low-loss medium. For standalone gratings, the maximum absorption efficiency is shown to be 50%, which is attributed to the coupling of short range (bonding) or long range (antibonding) surface plasmons with cavity resonances. By attaching a dielectric slab on top or bottom to the metallic grating, the maximum absorption efficiency can be raised to nearly 100%. The presence of guided waves in the dielectric slab causes the strong concentration of fields and reinforces the absorption to its extreme value. The efficient absorption mechanism is illustrated with the pattern of resonance fields and the distribution of power loss density. A phenomenological theory is also used to characterize the absorption anomaly in terms of complex pole and zero.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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