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J Endocrinol Invest. 2012 Feb;35(2):160-8. doi: 10.3275/7755. Epub 2011 May 27.

Lipid profile and nutritional intake in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes improve after a structured dietician training to a Mediterranean-style diet.

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1
Division of Pediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate if nutritional intakes and lipid profile fulfill international guidelines and recommendations before and after a structured dietician training to a Mediterranean- style diet in an Italian pediatric population with Type 1 diabetes.

METHODS:

A 6-month prospective cohort study. Baseline and after-intervention nutritional intakes, lipid profile, glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)), and clinical parameters of 96 children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes were assessed. A comparative computerized system which was approved and validated by the Italian Diabetologist Association was used to define the amounts of nutrients.

RESULTS:

At baseline mean daily dietary intakes of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids were respectively (mean ± SEM) 51.8 ± 0.5, 15.9 ± 0.2, 33.8 ± 0.6%, with a contribution of cholesterol of 248.7 ± 12.5 mg/day. Fiber assumption was 18.0 ± 0.4 g/day. The 64.5% and 29.1% (p<0.0001) of subjects had at least one lipid parameter higher than 75(th) and 95(th) percentiles, respectively, of selected cut points (American Diabetes Association guidelines for total and LDL-cholesterol and American Academy of Pediatrics standards for HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides). Six months after the dietician intervention, dietary lipids and cholesterol decreased (p<0.0001) while fibers (p<0.0001) increased. LDL-cholesterol, non-HDL-cholesterol, and total cholesterol:HDL-cholesterol ratios significantly decreased (p<0.001) with a reduction of rate of subjects with at least one pathological lipid parameter (p<0.01) independently by weight and glucose control.

CONCLUSIONS:

Italian pediatric subjects with Type 1 diabetes present a balanced diet with exception of lipids intake and a suboptimal lipid profile. A structured dietician training to a Mediterranean-style diet improves the quality of nutrient intakes being followed by a reduction of LDL-cholesterol, non- HDL-cholesterol, and total cholesterol:HDL-cholesterol ratios.

PMID:
21623150
DOI:
10.3275/7755
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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