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J Family Community Med. 2010 May;17(2):87-90. doi: 10.4103/1319-1683.71990.

The relation of age to the severity of Type I diabetes in children.

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1
College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the relationship between the age and severity of Type 1 diabetes in children 0 - 5 years and more than 5 years of age admitted to Aseer Central Hospital, Southwestern Saudi Arabia over a 7-year period.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A retrospective review of children less than 13 years of age with Type 1 diabetes admitted to the Pediatric Department, between 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2006.

RESULTS:

A total of 181 children with Type1 diabetes were admitted to the hospital during this period. Of these, 27.6% were children 5 years or less, while 72.4% were more than 5 years of age. The duration of symptoms was longer in younger children compared to older patients. Diabetic ketoacidosis was present in 31.4% of the younger children, and in 15.3% of the children more than 5 years old. Hospital stay was also longer in children less than 5 years of age. Most significant differences were in the younger children's group and affected the biochemical test results.

CONCLUSION:

The present study showed that more younger children present to the hospital late, and in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis compared to older patients. Efforts should be directed at improving the knowledge and skills of the primary health care personnel to be able to diagnose and refer these cases earlier.

KEYWORDS:

Type 1 diabetes; biochemical; children; laboratory; severity

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