Send to

Choose Destination

Links from PubMed

See comment in PubMed Commons below
Environ Pollut. 2011 Jan;159(1):198-203. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.09.003. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

Effects of C60 nanoparticle exposure on earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) and implications for population dynamics.

Author information

Alterra, Wageningen UR, Droevendaalssesteeg 3, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.


Effects of C60 nanoparticles (nominal concentrations 0, 15.4 and 154 mg/kg soil) on mortality, growth and reproduction of Lumbricus rubellus earthworms were assessed. C60 exposure had a significant effect on cocoon production, juvenile growth rate and mortality. These endpoints were used to model effects on the population level. This demonstrated reduced population growth rate with increasing C60 concentrations. Furthermore, a shift in stage structure was shown for C60 exposed populations, i.e. a larger proportion of juveniles. This result implies that the lower juvenile growth rate due to exposure to C60 resulted in a larger proportion of juveniles, despite increased mortality among juveniles. Overall, this study indicates that C60 exposure may seriously affect earthworm populations. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that juveniles were more sensitive to C60 exposure than adults.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center