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Anesthesiology. 2010 Jun;112(6):1444-51. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181dcd3dc.

Effect of PSD-95/SAP90 and/or PSD-93/chapsyn-110 deficiency on the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration of halothane in mice.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.



The authors have previously shown that the clinically relevant concentrations of inhalational anesthetics dose-dependently inhibit the postsynaptic density protein (PSD)-95, Dlg, and ZO-1 domain-mediated protein interactions between N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors and PSD-95/synaptic-associated protein (SAP) 90 or PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 and that the knockdown of spinal PSD-95/SAP90 significantly reduces the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) for isoflurane in rats.


The authors designed antisense oligodeoxynucleotides based on the mouse PSD-95/SAP90 and PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 messenger RNAs that correspond to their PSD-95, Dlg, and ZO-1 domain nucleotides and can specifically knock down the respective proteins. The authors intrathecally injected antisense oligodeoxynucleotides into wild-type and PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 knockout mice to investigate the effect of PSD-95/SAP90 and/or PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 deficiency on halothane anesthesia.


Both PSD-95/SAP90 and PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides caused a dose-dependent and significant reduction in the MAC of halothane in wild-type mice. The intrathecal injection of PSD-95/SAP90 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide at different doses (25 and 50 microg) reduced halothane MAC by 40 and 55%, respectively, and intrathecal injection of PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide at different doses (12 and 24 microg) reduced halothane MAC by 25 and 53%, respectively. The PSD-95/SAP90 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide showed similar effect on halothane MAC in wild-type and PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 knockout mice, suggesting that the combination of PSD-95/SAP90 knockdown with PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 deletion did not have an additive effect on halothane anesthesia.


The current results indicate that PSD-95/SAP90 and PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 are involved in the molecular mechanisms of halothane anesthesia and that the functional role of PSD-95/SAP90 in halothane anesthesia is not enhanced after PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 deletion.

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