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Items: 3

1.

Concurrent validation of the Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) and single-item indices against the Clinical Institute Narcotic Assessment (CINA) opioid withdrawal instrument.

Tompkins DA, Bigelow GE, Harrison JA, Johnson RE, Fudala PJ, Strain EC.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Nov 1;105(1-2):154-9. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.07.001. Epub 2009 Aug 3.

2.

The Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS).

Wesson DR, Ling W.

J Psychoactive Drugs. 2003 Apr-Jun;35(2):253-9. Review.

PMID:
12924748
3.

Opiate withdrawal.

Farrell M.

Addiction. 1994 Nov;89(11):1471-5. Review.

PMID:
7841858

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