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Opt Express. 2007 Jan 22;15(2):363-70.

Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature range.


A novel Er-doped silica fiber, with heavy Er doping, was specially developed for application to a single frequency fiber laser. Two high temperature-sustainable fiber Bragg gratings, written into Bi-Ge codoped photosensitive fiber, were chosen for the application and spliced to the specialist Er doped silica fiber to form a compact, linear cavity, fiber laser. The fiber laser retained single mode oscillation over a wide temperature range, from room temperature to 400 degrees C. The wavelength of the laser output could be tuned smoothly, without mode hopping being observed, when the temperature was changed. A narrow linewidth of less than 1 kHz was measured at the output of fiber laser and this indicates the potential of the fibre laser sensing system with extremely high sensitivity and resolution over this wide range.

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