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Opt Express. 2006 Apr 3;14(7):2956-68.

Time-domain models for the performance simulation of semiconductor optical amplifiers.


In this paper, we have implemented and compared two complementary time-domain models that have been widely used for the simulation of SOAs. One of the key differences between them lies in their treatment of the material (gain and refractive index) dispersion. One model named as a spectrum slicing model (SSM) is desirable for the simulation of broadband behaviours of SOAs, but not for the nonlinear effect such as the intermodulation distortion, since the gain dispersion is considered by slicing the entire spontaneous emission spectrum into many stripes. The other model based on effective Bloch equations (EBE's) is capable of dealing with the SOA nonlinear effects with the material dispersion incorporated explicitly through the susceptibility, but can't capture the broadband behaviours. Both of them, however, can readily handle the SOA characteristics such as the fibre-to-fibre gain, noise, and crosstalk. Through a direct comparison between them, we have shown that they are in generally good agreement. A discussion on detailed implementations and each model's salient features is also presented.

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