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J Acoust Soc Am. 1991 Sep;90(3):1405-9.

Effects of relative starting phase and frequency separation of two-tone stimuli on the brain-stem auditory-evoked response.

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Division of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212.


Brain-stem auditory-evoked responses (BAERs) were obtained in six normal-hearing adults using single-tone and two-tone stimuli arithmetically centered around 4000 Hz. Two-tone stimuli varied in frequency separation from 200 to 3200 Hz, and started in-phase (homophasic) or 180 deg out-of-phase (antiphasic) with each other. Responses to each of the single-tone components of the two-tone stimuli were elicited and then summed for comparison with responses to the two-tone stimuli. Results indicated no significant difference in wave V latency between homophasic or antiphasic two-tone conditions, and summed single-tone conditions. Under the homophasic condition, the mean latency for the widest frequency separation of the tones was significantly longer than those for narrower separations. A significant difference in wave V amplitude between two-tone phase conditions was found for frequency separations of 200, 400, and 3200 Hz only. Summed single-tone BAERs demonstrated a significantly larger wave V amplitude than responses from either two-tone phase condition at all frequency separations.

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