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Opt Express. 2008 Dec 22;16(26):21239-47.

Study of spectral and annealing properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in H2-free and H2- loaded fibers by use of femtosecond laser pulses.

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Department of Electrical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong.


The spectral and annealing properties of a series of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) written in both H(2)-loaded and H(2)-free fibers by use of 800nm femtosecond laser pulse irradiation and created through a phase mask, have been investigated. It is found that type II FBGs inscribed in H(2)- loaded fibers exhibit superior spectral quality when compared with those written in H(2)-free fibers. Isochronal annealing tests shows that type II FBGs written in H(2)-free fibers have the highest thermal stability, followed (in order of stability) by H(2)-loaded type II, H(2)-free type I and then H(2)-loaded type I FBGs. The thermal stability of the H(2)-loaded type II FBGs can effectively be increased by using a high temperature pre-annealing treatment. After the treatment, type II FBGs written into both H(2)-free and H(2)-loaded fibers can sustain long-term annealing (for more than 12 hours) at temperatures of more than 1000 masculineC while their high reflectivities can still be maintained. This demonstrates the real potential of the FBGs developed and investigated in this work to be used as the ideal sensing elements for a series of high temperature measurement applications.


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