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Am J Public Health. 2007 May;97(5):907-12. Epub 2007 Mar 29.

Family history of diabetes, awareness of risk factors, and health behaviors among African Americans.

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1
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md 21205, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the role of family history of diabetes in awareness of diabetes risk factors and engaging in health behaviors.

METHODS:

We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1122 African American adults without diabetes who were participants in Project DIRECT (Diabetes Interventions Reaching and Educating Communities Together).

RESULTS:

After adjustment for age, gender, income, education, body mass index, and perceived health status, African Americans with a family history of diabetes were more aware than those without such a history of several diabetes risk factors: having a family member with the disease (relative risk [RR]=1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.03, 1.15), being overweight (RR=1.12; 95% CI=1.05, 1.18), not exercising (RR=1.17; 95% CI=1.07, 1.27), and consuming energy-dense foods (RR=1.10; 95% CI=1.00, 1.17). Also, they were more likely to consume 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day (RR=1.31; 95% CI=1.02, 1.66) and to have been screened for diabetes (RR=1.21; 95% CI=1.12, 1.29).

CONCLUSIONS:

African Americans with a family history of diabetes were more aware of diabetes risk factors and more likely to engage in certain health behaviors than were African Americans without a family history of the disease.

PMID:
17395839
PMCID:
PMC1854868
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2005.077032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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