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J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Mar;107(3):434-40.

Participation in weight-related sports is associated with higher use of unhealthful weight-control behaviors and steroid use.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether adolescents who participate in a weight-related sport are at increased risk for unhealthful weight-control behaviors and steroid use.

DESIGN:

This was a population-based study (Project EAT [Eating Among Teens]).

SUBJECTS/SETTING:

Subjects were 4,746 adolescents (50.2% males, 49.8% females) from 31 public middle and high schools in the Minneapolis/St Paul area of Minnesota.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED:

Descriptive statistics, chi2 analyses, and multiple logistic regression were used. Data were adjusted for sociodemographic variables and body mass index.

MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLES:

Unhealthful weight-control behaviors and steroid use.

RESULTS:

More males (20.4%) than females (16.2%) reported participation in a weight-related sport. Males who reported participation in a weight-related sport had an increased risk of past-week vomiting (odds ratio [OR]=5.7), laxative use (OR=6.8), as well as past-year vomiting (OR=4.9), laxative use (OR=3.4), diuretic use (OR=6.0), and steroid use (OR=3.7), compared with those males who did not report participation. Females who reported participation in a weight-related sport had an increased risk of past week vomiting (OR=2.1), as well as past year vomiting (OR=2.0), laxative use (OR=2.6), and steroid use (OR=2.6), compared with those who did not report participation in a weight-related sport.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current study shows that participation in a sport that adolescents perceive as emphasizing weight is strongly associated with unhealthful weight-control behaviors and steroid use. Preventive efforts, targeting parents, coaches, and adolescents are needed to decrease this risk.

PMID:
17324662
DOI:
10.1016/j.jada.2006.12.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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