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Opt Lett. 2006 Mar 15;31(6):826-8.

Frequency-resolved coherent lidar using a femtosecond fiber laser.

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1
National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80305, USA.

Abstract

We demonstrate a coherent lidar that uses a broadband femtosecond fiber laser as a source and resolves the returning heterodyne signal into N spectral channels by using an arrayed-waveguide grating. The data are processed incoherently to yield an N-times improvement in the Doppler measurement of a surface vibration. For N=6, we achieve a sensitivity of 153 Hz, corresponding to a 0.12 mm/s motion, in 10 ms despite a signal that is speckle broadened to 14 kHz. Alternatively, the data are processed coherently to form a range image. For a flat target, we achieve a 60 microm range resolution, limited mainly by the source bandwidth, despite the dispersion of 1 km of optical fiber in the signal path.

PMID:
16544637
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