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Anal Chem. 2006 Mar 1;78(5):1509-14.

Plasma-particle interactions in a laser-induced plasma: implications for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.

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Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6300, USA.


The interaction between laser-induced plasmas and individual particles controls the rate of particle dissociation and subsequent atomic diffusion and emission processes, with implications for single-particle spectroscopy, as well as materials synthesis and other plasma sources. It is demonstrated through quantitative plasma imaging studies that discrete particles dissociate on a time scale of tens of microseconds within plasmas formed by 300-mJ Nd:YAG laser pulses. Significant spatial nonhomogeneity, as measured by localized atomic emission from particle-derived calcium atoms, persists on a comparable time scale, providing a measure of their average atomic diffusion rate of 0.04 m(2)/s. In addition, the resulting calcium atomic emission is explored using image analysis as well as traditional spectroscopic analysis.

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