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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2005 Oct;72(4 Pt 2):046606. Epub 2005 Oct 13.

Influence of dispersion on the resonant interaction between three incoherent waves.

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CNRS-LPMC, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France and Laboratoire de Physique de l'Université de Bourgogne, CNRS, Dijon, France.


We study the influence of group-velocity dispersion (or diffraction) on the coherence properties of the parametric three-wave interaction driven from an incoherent pump wave. We show that, under certain conditions, the incoherent pump may efficiently amplify a signal wave with a high degree of coherence, in contrast with the usual kinetic description of the incoherent three-wave interaction. The group-velocity dispersion is shown to be responsible for a spectral filtering process, in which the coherence of the generated signal increases, as the coherence of the pump wave decreases. As a result, the coherence acquired by the signal in the presence of an incoherent pump, is higher than that acquired in the presence of a fully coherent pump. The mechanism underlying this intriguing result is based on the emergence of a mutual coherence between the incoherent pump and the generated idler wave. We calculate explicitly the degree of mutual coherence between the pump and idler waves and show that the two incoherent waves become completely correlated in the full incoherent regime of interaction. The theory is in quantitative agreement with the numerical simulations. To motivate the experimental confirmation of our theory, we characterize the dispersion properties of an actual quadratic nonlinear optical crystal in which the process of signal coherence enhancement induced by pump incoherence may be studied experimentally.

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