Format

Send to

Choose Destination

Links from PubMed

See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Pharmacol. 2004 Jun 28;494(2-3):167-77.

Comparison of the effects of nicotine and epibatidine on the striatal extracellular dopamine.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, Viikinkaari 5, Helsinki FIN-00014, Finland.

Abstract

We compared the effects of nicotine and epibatidine on striatal extracellular dopamine and its metabolites, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), by microdialysis in freely moving rats. Nicotine (0.5 mg/kg) elevated dopamine in the caudate-putamen and somewhat more in the nucleus accumbens. Epibatidine at 0.3 microg/kg reduced, and at 0.6 and 1.0 microg/kg increased, dopamine in the caudate-putamen; 2.0 and 3.0 microg/kg had no effect. Accumbal dopamine epibatidine elevated only at 3.0 microg/kg. Thus, in contrast to nicotine, epibatidine increased dopamine output in the caudate-putamen at smaller doses than in the accumbens. Both epibatidine and nicotine enhanced accumbal dopamine metabolism clearly more than that in the caudate-putamen. Also epibatidine was found to elevate 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the nucleus accumbens at smaller doses than in the caudate-putamen. Similarly to what has been reported concerning nicotine, the dose-response curve of epibatidine to increase the dopamine output in the caudate-putamen was bell-shaped and clearly differed from that in the accumbens. These findings indicate that the nicotinic mechanisms controlling dopamine release and metabolism in the nigrostriatal and mesolimbic dopaminergic pathways differ fundamentally.

PMID:
15212971
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.05.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center